Have you noticed dark patches on your teeth near the gum line or at the intersection of two adjoining teeth? In all likelihood, these are tartar deposits that are composed of thousands of microscopic bacteria. Irrespective of how thoroughly you brush your teeth, the toothbrush bristles may not be able to reach the remote corners of the mouth, such as the rear teeth. Such areas are where bacteria tend to get deposited, thereby forming tartar.
Throughout the day, microbes multiply at a quick pace in your mouth. Brushing and flossing at least twice a day helps to keep their growth to a minimum. The saliva in your mouth combines with the microbes to get deposited on the teeth as an invisible or slightly yellowish layer called plaque. Though plaque is minimally invasive, it is suggested to get it removed at regular intervals, preferably once every six months. If not, the deposition of microbes could intensify and form tartar - a dark, sticky substance that is quite difficult to get rid of.
Tartar is the major cause of cavities and gum diseases, two of the most prominent oral conditions. The microbes in tartar, release harmful toxins in small quantities, which can erode the enamel and decay living tissues around them. If the cavities are not treated and restored using a filling, they can grow deeper and result in a root canal infection. Similarly, gum disease starts as gingivitis, which has mild symptoms such as redness, bleeding gums, pain, etc. If not treated during the early stages, it can advance to periodontitis. It is a devastating oral condition with severe symptoms such as the decay of gum tissues, jawbone deterioration, tooth loss, etc.
Tartar is almost impossible to remove by brushing and flossing. Hence, it requires professional dental cleaning sessions to be removed. The dentist visually examines the teeth and checks for tartar deposits on all the teeth faces. Deep cleaning comprises two procedures, namely scaling and root planing. Scaling is the process of removing the tartar deposits from the tooth crowns using an ultrasonic scaling device. It has a durable metal tip that vibrates at ultrasonic frequencies, which helps the dentist to dislodge tartar.
On the other hand, root planing is the process of cleaning the tooth roots and smoothening their surfaces. The dentist uses a hook-like scaling appliance for the procedure. Since the treatment can be painful, the dentist will administer local anesthesia to numb the teeth and gums. The scaling tip will be inserted in between the gums and roots, and the tartar will be scraped off. The dentist may place a small amount of medication in the gum pockets to prevent an infection.
Call Perfect Smile Dental Care, San Jose, CA, to know more about deep cleaning, and we’ll be happy to guide you further. Request your appointment with us today.